Maine State Facts

Admission to Statehood: March 15, 1820 – 23rd state

Area: 35387 sq.mi, 39th Land 30865 sq. mi., 39th Water 4523 sq.mi., 12rd Coastline 228 mi., 9th Shoreline 3,478 mi., 4th

Largest Cities: Portland, Lewiston, Bangor, South Portland, Auburn, Brunswick, Biddeford, Sanford, Augusta, Scarborough

Highest Point: Katahdin Mtn.; 5268 feet
Lowest Point: Atlantic coast; sea level

Nickname: Pine Tree State – The “Pine Tree State” recognizes the white pine tree, an officially designated state symbol. Maine possesses over 17 million acres of forests.

Flag: The state coat of arms is placed on a blue field. In the center of the shield a moose rests under a tall pine tree. A farmer and seaman represent the work that people did in early times. The North Star represents the state motto: “Dirigo” – “I Direct”.

Bird: Chickadee – The opinion generally entertained respecting the extensive dispersion of the Black-cap Titmouse, has in all probability originated from the great resemblance which it bears to the Carolina Titmouse, Parus Carolinensis, that species being now known to extend its spring and summer migrations as far eastward as the State of New Jersey, where it has been found breeding by my friend EDWARD HARRIS, Esq. of Moorestown.

Song: State of Maine Song
Written by Roger Vinton Snow
Composed by Roger Vinton Snow

Topography: Appalachian Mountains extend through state; western borders have rugged terrain, long sand beaches on southern coast; northern coast mainly rocky promontories, peninsulas, fjords.

Tree: White pine – Pinus strobus


Agriculture: Seafood, poultry and eggs, potatoes, dairy products, cattle, blueberries, apples.

Industry: Paper, lumber, and wood products, electric equipment, food processing, leather products, textiles, tourism.